Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome, Mast Cell Activation and POTS – Oh! That’s Why I‘m So Tired!!
And maybe that’s why you’re tired too… join me on a journey of discovery about one of the most poorly recognized and unbelievably tangled health webs you can find… involving not just one, but several intertwined systemic conditions I personally unofficially call the “Chronic Constellation” for lack of a better name that are each alone enough to take a person down at the knees, but combined, can be downright show stopping, if not even lethal sometimes, sadly.
Yet barely 10% who have this “trifecta” of EDS, MCAD and POTS (plus many variations and additional issues including autism and weak immune systems) get properly diagnosed as of 2014, and it takes 10 years on average to get diagnosed with Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome. (It took me 25!) This site is my attempt to help remedy that for everyone – both patients AND doctors!
News and Events
Fresh off the presses! October 17, 2016 – two articles delineating the results of Dr. Josh Milner’s study of comorbid MCAD and HEDS (plus dysautonomia) seen in a statistically significant number of patients at the NIH came out this week:
- NIH Scientists uncovering genetic explanation for frustrating syndrome Oct 2016
- One Gene Mutation Links Three Mysterious, Debilitating Diseases 2016 (Mental Floss)
- FAQ’s about the above from the NIH (added 10/19/16)
Yes, I was part of this study. No idea if I had elevated tryptase or not in the blood I sent, but I highly doubt it. So the $64K Q for me is: do I have this mutation? I also don’t know – yet. That said, I’m already managing the conditions (plural) pretty well already, so I’ve got that bit handled, which is my main goal. (Everyone else can split hairs and fight over how to classify and recognize and validate us while I continue rebuilding myself TYVM.) Still, nice to see the fruits of his labor help move the ball a little bit down the field. And maybe make it easy to diagnose another small subset of the HEDS population with familial “tryptasemia” as he calls it. See his earlier recent update videos on my resources page.
October is Dysautonomia Awareness Month – which could be considered an entire syndrome of it’s own, and is getting it’s own chapter in my book for this very reason. I was lucky to only be mildly “POTS-y” for a brief period during the height of my HEDS onset “storm” or “cascade” in early 2012, that I ended up getting better before I could manage to pursue it. (I was too busy just trying to stay fed and watered and afloat after becoming wheelchair bound so suddenly in January 2012.)
So I’ve given it short shrift ever since. But also because I’ve struggled to get my arms around the full scope of not just the subset known as Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome (alternatively PoTS for Postural Tachycardia Syndrome in some places), but of the larger umbrella of dysautonomia which covers a wide array of issues you shouldn’t normally have to even think about.
The autonomic nervous system controls all of our “automatic” functions, such as breathing, heart rate, blood pressure, digestion and more than we normally do not have to consciously think about. I now personally consider dysautonomia in the EDS and MCAD community to be the “love-child” of weak connective tissues and mad mast cell mediators run amok in our systems lending to so much hypo-volemia (low blood volume) which combined with the pooling from our flaccid veins and weak valves (and gravity) lends to the prevalence of POTS among us.
But you can have impinged nerves and squashed brain-stems and occipital lobes lending to things like CNS Apnea, where you literally forget to breathe even in the day time. I know, I struggled with this in 2012, prompting my psychologist to quip “you mean you had to recruit your frontal lobe to breathe??” lol – yup! Hey, at least I got better on my vitamin regimen fast enough that I didn’t need a pacemaker like some of my colleagues, knock wood.
Or you might enjoy sudden idiopathic nausea and vomiting or gastroparesis (literally paralyzed stomach) from an impinged vagus nerve. Or incontinence from tethered cord. The list goes on… it’s one heck of a syndrome. And like all of the other rabbit-holes we go down, it has even more rabbit-holes attached. But I’ll stop there, as I really need to just hatch a proper post on the matter. Meanwhile, I strongly urge following Dysatunomia International on social media yourself for more great info.
Sea change coming to EDS nosology in 2017
Congrats to all who made it to the 2016 EDS Global Learning Conference in Baltimore this past summer, I envy you! I’m also still in the dark about what all was shared there, as I’ve since learned they’re asking people to hold off sharing much until the international working groups that met in May 2016 have had time to more fully compile the results of all their findings and discussions on the state of Ehlers-Danlos today. I just wrote a post about this here, urging Patience, grasshopper. (All good things come in time, I’m pretty sure it will be worth the wait.) You can also follow The EDS on Facebook and Twitter for yourself to keep up on the latest news and info with me. You might also follow co-director Lara Bloom’s page too.
Of course I expect and hope to be updating both my when to suspect and how to diagnose sections of this website accordingly after the meeting results are shared. Among other bits, including About EDS. I’m eager to share only the latest and best info to date, but will leave them as they are for now. Last I heard, rumor has it they’ll be sharing more after an article is published in early 2017, so thanks for your patience, and keep that open mind!
Meanwhile, please continue to help others connect the issues (dots) with us and recognize this condition sooner. I’m deeply convinced the most common form, Hypermobile EDS (formerly called EDS III, and often misdiagnosed as Fibromyalgia and JHS, HMS or BJHS) is not rare at all, just rarely diagnosed. Cheers – Jandroid 3.0
I can use your financial support at any level to help keep this blog online here thank you.
Intro for new visitors: This site was born in 2014 from the need to put all the amazing things I’d learned for the prior two years since becoming suddenly and severely disabled by Hypermobile Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (and several comorbidities) into one spot so I could stop repeating myself! And to help more friends, family, doctors & followers “connect the dots” for themselves. In February 2012 after starting to weaken noticeably for about 6 months in late 2011, I suddenly went from walking to wheelchair in just over two weeks at age 45. (Talk about your mid-life crisis, heh! I didn’t plan it, I swear – I was actually having one of my best database consulting years just prior.)
I had been a fairly active and (blessedly, somehow) fairly graceful folk dancer, photographer and gardener prior to that, leading a pretty full life despite chronic fatigue, chronic pain, low level fibromyalgia and sensitivities that periodically plagued me. (Allergies and headaches anyone? Anaphylaxis to bees & anesthesia?) I had never been taken very seriously by doctors prior to this point outside of the Chronic Fatigue Clinic at Harborview Hospital in Seattle WA who did diagnose me with the still poorly defined Chronic Fatigue Syndrome in 1993 and others later with my fav, “just depression”. (I’ve since determined I do not have true CFS as I later differentiated it even if I was legitimately depressed.)
But now, suddenly in 2012 we had no choice: I suddenly weakened severely all over, split my right SI joint, subluxed (partially dislocated) my right leg as well as all my fingers, ribs and toes before my onset “storm” was over in February 2012. (Yes, quite painful, ouch!) And I started passing out from POTS and MCAS. Now my doctor was listening! (Me too, after being taught to ignore all my body’s signs and signals by everyone else all these years.) And I was finally diagnosed with the likely cause: Hypermobile Type Ehlers-Danlos Sydnrome or EDS, a collection of genetic collagen defects that leaves a body with weakened connective tissues of all kinds from head to toe.
I say likely, as there is currently no single tissue marker identified for the Hypermobile type of EDS, but we ruled out the only other likely kinds I might have with a blood test, leaving this as the best fit for now. (I.e, I was diagnosed clinically using the Brighton Diagnostic Criteria.) We now see this running clearly on my late father’s side of the family, but I now also suspect my late mother in 20/20 hindsight, which may explain my “severity”.
I later learned about and recognized my additional comorbidities mentioned above (MCAS and POTS among others) with the help of my online support groups and Patricia Murray-Wood (@Mastocytosis) who followed me (@jandroid) on Twitter of all things. (You guys are my lifesavers, truly, thank you all!) I feel like Alice down the rabbithole – only with extra rabbit-holes at the bottom of that! (Follow this blog on Twitter @H2OhTWIST and Facebook at http://www.facebook.com/H2OhTwist.)
Weak and fragile skin, tendons, ligaments, bones, tooth enamel, blood vessels, GI tract, muscle tears and weak sphincters (all kinds!) – you name it, we experience all the defects you can imagine would arise from faulty tissues in so many systems built with collagen. (This makes it chronic and systemic.)
Painful hernias, aneurysms, prolapses, hemorrhoids, tears, strains, sprains, joint dislocations and subluxations (partial or “reducable” – or “replaceable” – dislocations or being so-called “double-jointed”), early onset arthritis, tendinitis, flat feet, bad cartilage and breaks. We’re the folks who fatigue and fall apart easily and early! (Bi-lateral hip replacement at 50, anyone? Bad knees? Common in us!)
The irony is,we are also very hard-charging, driven folks up until we do. So we really struggle to give in to the condition, and many never admit how bad they are, lending to the difficulty in recognizing it earlier. Being surrounded by family members who also have various issues and chronic pain, we tend to normalize our condition, and not recognize it as outside the norm. (“Everyone’s body does that!” – no, they don’t!)
Sadly, doctors have also all been told this condition is really rare, and that they’ll probably not see many cases in their careers, and are given only the grossest signs of the rarest types to look for! (Most are looking for stretchy skin and gross dislocations which happen in less than half of cases). Naturally this leads them to miss a huge number of both less rare and subclinical (not so grossly visible) cases that come through their doors every day!
I was subclinical until my “storm” of 2012 – I didn’t “catch” it then (I’ve “had” it since I was a zygote, smile), it just suddenly advanced for some strange reason. Usually there’s a clear trigger to such a rapid onset “cascade” or “storm”, like a death in the family, bad viral illness, or other trauma (car accidents are a common trigger). My elderly aunt experienced a similar history in her 40’s without any obvious triggers I now know, so apparently it’s genetic timing or hormone driven in my case.
We are the “frequent flyers” in the medical system, with all our myriad seemingly unrelated issues including mental health. (Depression and anxiety are also rampant among us even if many won’t admit this.) As Dr. Heidi Collins just quoted someone in her talk at the 2014 EDNF Learning Conference this year:
If you can’t connect the issues, think connective tissues! – author unknown
And ironically, I’m finding a lot of my fellow “zebras” (folks with EDS) are proving to be some of the most stubborn, hard-headed black-and-white thinking and pushy folks I’ve ever met! Here I thought just my family was this way all along, but no… we are those often smart, hard-charging, ambitious, perfectionistic and narcissistic people who drive each other nuts! (And how!) So many of our “elders” (my parents, e.g.) will not admit to having a problem, only getting diagnosed by proxy to their more stricken child (someone like me) later, if ever. Toss in the misunderstanding about the incidence of it in the medical world (thinking it’s so rare when it’s really not), and it’s no wonder so few of us get diagnosed!
My parents were also both alcoholic, futher muddying my own diagnostic waters – I blamed all of their problems on their obvious smoking and drinking of course. My dad refused to see a doctor – he knew they’d just tell him to quit smoking and drinking, which he wasn’t going to do. I finally gave up trying to get him to either and left him in peace and got on with my life. But he was always happy to nit-pick my health and well-being, and tell me just exactly how I should be doing things.
I’m now willing to bet a lot of our homeless and drug-addicted youth are possible undiagnosed EDS patients, trying to cope with chronic pain, depression and difficult families. I’ve even met a few in the last couple of years who agreed this was likely so. It could sure explain a lot of so called “drug-seekers” in our system. They probably have very real chronic but invisible pain and sensory processing issues for lack of proper recognition. (See When to Suspect for help with that.)
Lastly I’ll add that I’m seeing a lot of comorbid autism spectrum and related disorders in EDS families (stubborn sensitive Aspies, anyone? OCD? ADD? ADHD? SPD?), and dare I posit that maybe some of our doctors and nurses may just share a touch of this trait…(you’re all such good academics and science nerds, after all!) which may add to the difficulty in convincing them to see us in the subclinical forms as I was for my first 44 years.
Well, denial is not a river in Egypt! And I think we’ll ALL do better to start looking for a condition that leading experts now think may run as high as 2% of the general population (if not more IMHO). That’s 1 in 50 people if not more, folks! Look around you – you know at least a couple already, even if they’re not diagnosed! (They’re probably recovering from hip, knee or dental surgery or seeing a chiropractor, though). I dearly hope my site helps more people recognize more subclinical EDS patients, and stop thinking it’s so rare! We really have you surrounded, smile.